Binocular Vision Services
As part of our full service optometric care, we now offer binocular vision services, including assessment and treatment of vision-related learning difficulties, visual symptoms associated with head trauma, and improved visual performance for athletes.

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What is Binocular Vision (BV)?

The ability to use both eyes together efficiently and effectively to navigate in the world around them and gain meaning from the visual world.

Symptoms of a BV problem?
• headaches
• double vision
• poor reading skills
• fatigue or inability to sustain focus
• eye turn or lazy eye
• dizziness/nausea
• reduced hand-eye coordination
• reduced vision-body movement coordination

What is Vision Therapy (VT)?
A program of visual training that is devoted to developing, improving, and enhancing people’s visual performance. It may be focused on remediating visual difficulties or improving visual performance.

Meet our Behavioral Optometrist, Dr. Catherine J. Radakovic

Dr. Radakovic received her bachelor of science degree in microbiology from the University of California - Davis and completed her optometric studies at Nova Southeastern University, where she was recognized for her clinical skills in pediatrics and binocular vision by receiving the College of Optometrists in Vision and Development (COVD) award for excellence in vision therapy.

Dr. Radakovic is a staff member at the SSM Rehabilitation Hospital, where she provides
visual consultations and recommendations for those patients who have been affected by recent head injuries and strokes.

Dr. Radakovic is an active member of the COVD, American Optometric Association, Missouri Optometric Association, and the Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation Association.
Radakovic 11-14-17

Checklist of Observable Clues

Behavioral signs of visual problems

Eye Movement Abilities
    • Head turns as reads across page
    • Loses place frequently during reading
    • Needs finger or marker to keep place
    • Short attention span in reading or copying
    • Frequently omits words
    • Writes up- or downhill on paper
    • Rereads or skips lines unknowingly
Eye Teaming Abilities
    • Repeats letters within words
    • Omits letters, numbers or phrases
    • Misaligns digits in number columns
    • Squints, closes or covers one eye
    • Tilts head extremely while working at desk
Eye-Hand Coordination Abilities
    • Must feel things “to get the idea”
    • Eyes not used to “steer” hand movements (extreme lack of orientation, placement of words or drawings on page)
    • Writes crookedly, poorly spaced; cannot stay on ruled lines
    • Misaligns both horizontal and vertical series of numbers
    • Uses hand as “spacer” to control spacing and alignment on page
    • Repeatedly confuses left-right directions
Visual Form Perception
    • Fails to recognize same word in next sentence
    • Reverses letters and/or words in writing and copying
    • Difficulty recognizing minor differences
    • Repeatedly confuses words with similar beginnings and endings
    • Fails to visualize what is read silently or aloud
    • Whispers to self for reinforcement while reading silently
    • Uses “drawing with fingers” to discriminate similarities and differences
Refractive Status
    • Quickly loses interest in reading
    • Blinks excessively at desk tasks or reading
    • Holds book too closely; face too close to desk
    • Makes errors in copying from chalkboard to paper
    • Makes errors in copying from page to paper
    • Squints to see chalkboard, or requests to move nearer
    • Blinks to clear chalkboard after reading or writing

Appearance of Eyes
  • One eye turns in or out at any time
  • Reddened eyes or eyelids
  • Eyes tear excessively

Complaints when using eyes at desk
  • Headaches in forehead or temples
  • Burning eyes after reading or desk work
  • Print blurs after reading a short time
  • Complains of seeing double
  • Words move or “swim” on the page

This checklist is courtesy of Optometric Extension Program Foundation

mapquest7954 Big Bend Blvd.
Webster Groves, MO 63119
Phone: 314-962-7580 
Fax: 314-962-3026

Office Hours

Monday 9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Tuesday 9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Wednesday 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Thursday 9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Friday 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Saturday 9:00 am - 1:00 pm